Elizabeth Bates



Department of Cognitive Science 0526
University of California, San Diego
La Jolla, California 92093-0526


Professor of Cognitive Science
University of California, San Diego
1988 - 2003
UCSD Project in Cognitive and Neural Development
1989 - 2003
UCSD Center for Research in Language
1994 - 2003
SDSU/UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Language & Communicative Disorders
1996 - 2003


Ph.D. Committee on Human Development
University of Chicago
M.A. Committee on Human Development
University of Chicago
B.A. Saint Louis University
St. Louis, Missouri


Phi Beta Kappa, St. Louis University 1968
Boyd R. McCandless Distinguished Young Scientist
Award Division 7, American Psychological Association
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship 1981
Fellow-Elect, Center for Advanced Study in the
Behavioral Sciences
Honorary Doctorate
University of Paris V "Rene Descartes"
Honorary Doctorate
New Bulgarian University, Sofia


-- Brain organization for language in children and adults
-- Psycholinguistics (especially cross-linguistic comparisons)
-- Language and cognitive development


Editorial Boards (past and present)

Developmental Psychology Journal of Memory and Language
JEP: Human Learning & Memory SRCD Monographs
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders Discourse Processes
Journal of Speech and Hearing Research Infant Behavior and Development
Brain and Cognition Language and Cognitive Processes
Brain and Language Psychological Review
Rassegna di Psicologia Journal of Child Language
Psicologia Clinica dello Sviluppo Cognitive Development
International Journal of Bilingualism Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
Memberships: Academy of Aphasia
International Society for Infant Studies
International Child Language Association
Society for Cognitive Neuroscience


Professor of Psychology
1983 - 2002 University of California, San Diego

Associate Professor of Psychology
1981 - 1983 University of California, San Diego

Associate Professor of Psychology
1979 - 1981 University of Colorado, Boulder

Assistant Professor of Psychology
1974 - 1979 University of Colorado, Boulder

Visiting Assistant Professor of Psychology
1976 - 1977 University of California, Berkeley

Instructor in Psychology
1972 - 1973 Loyola University, Rome, Italy

Instructor in Psychology
Summer sessions 1969 - 1970
University of Connecticut, Stamford

Substitute Teacher, elementary schools
1967 - 1968 St. Louis, Missouri


Istituto di Psicologia
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)
Rome, Italy
1972 - 2003
Max Planck Psycholinguistics Institute
Nijmegen, Netherlands
1979 & 1983
New Bulgarian University
Sofia, Bulgaria
1995 - 2003


Principal Investigator for:
NIDCD "Cross-linguistic studies of aphasia" 1983 - 2000
NINDS "Center for the Study of the Neural Bases of Language" 1991 - 2001
NIDCD "Program Project: Origins of Communication Disorders" 1991 - 2001
James McDonnell Foundation "Cognitive Neuroscience in Eastern Europe" 1995 - 2001
One of eight co-principal investigators for:


Books and Monographs

Bates, E. (1976). Language and context: The acquisition of pragmatics. New York: Academic Press.

Camaioni, L., Volterra, V. & Bates, E. (1976). La comunicazione nel primo anno di vita. Rome: Boringhieri.

Bates, E., with L. Benigni, I. Bretherton, L. Camaioni, & V. Volterra. (1979). The emergence of symbols: Cognition and communication in infancy. New York: Academic Press.

Bates, E., Bretherton, I., & Snyder, L. (1988). From first words to grammar: Individual differences and dissociable mechanisms. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Paperback edition issued 1991).

MacWhinney, B., & Bates, E. (Eds.). (1989). The crosslinguistic study of sentence processing. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bates, E. (Ed.). (1991). Special issue: Crosslinguistic studies of aphasia. Brain and Language, 41(2).

Fenson, L., Dale, P., Reznick, J.S., Thal, D., Bates, E., Hartung, J., Pethick, S., & Reilly, J. (1993).The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories: User's guide and technical manual. San Diego: Singular Press.

Fenson, L., Dale, P., Reznick, J., Bates, E., Thal, D., & Pethick, S. (1994). Variability in early communicative development. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Serial No. 242, Vol. 59, No. 5.

Elman, J., Bates, E., Johnson, M., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Parisi, D., & Plunkett, K. (1996). Rethinking innateness: A connectionist perspective on development. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books. [Paperback edition issued 1998; Japanese translation 1998].

Tomasello, M., & Bates, E. (Eds.). (2001). Language development: The essential readings. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Journal Articles

Bates, E. (1973). Il paradigma linguistico e la psicologia evolutiva. Critica Sociologica, 3, 8-24.

Bates, E. (1974). The acquisition of pragmatic competence. Journal of Child Language, 1(2), 277-282.

Bates, E., Camaioni, L., & Volterra, V. (1975). The acquisition of performatives prior to speech. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 21(3), 205-226. (Reprinted in E. Ochs & B. Schieffelin, Eds., Developmental pragmatics. New York: Academic Press, 1979, 111-128); reprinted in A. Kasher, Ed., Pragmatics: Critical concepts. London: Routledge, 1998, 274-295.

Bates, E. (1977). Review of Marcato, Ursini and Politi, "Dialetto e italiano". In Language in Society.

Bates, E., & Silvern, L. (1977). Social adjustment and politeness in preschoolers. Journal of Communication, 27(2), 104-111.

Cremona, C., & Bates, E. (1977). The development of attitudes toward dialect in Italian children. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 6(3), pp. 223-232.

Bates, E. & Benigni, L. (1978). Rules of address in Italy: A sociological survey. Language in Society, 4, 271-288.

Kintsch, W. & Bates, E. (1977). Recognition memory for statements from a classroom lecture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 3(2), 187-197. (Reprinted in J. G. Seamon, Ed., Human memory: Contemporary readings. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).

MacWhinney, B., & Bates, E. (1978). Sentential devices for conveying givenness and newness. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 17, 539-558.

Bates, E., Masling, M., & Kintsch, W. (1978). Recognition memory for aspects of dialogue. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4(3), 187-197.

Bates, E. (1979). In the beginning, before the word: Review of S. Harnad, H. Steklis, & T. Lancaster, "Origins of language and speech". In Contemporary Psychology, 24(3), 169-171.

Bates, E. (1979). Piaget and Brainerd with Aristotle looking on: Response to Brainerd's critique of Piaget. In Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Bates, E. & Rankin, J. (1979). Morphological development in Italian: Connotation and denotation. Journal of Child Language, 6, 29-52.

Camaioni, L., Volterra, V. & Bates, E. (1979). Dal gesto alla prima parola: Lo sviluppo comunicativo e cognitivo tra i 9 e i 13 mesi. Eta Evolutiva, 2, 55-75.

Bates, E., Carlson-Luden, V., & Bretherton, I. (1980). Perceptual aspects of tool use in infancy. Infant Behavior and Development, 3, 127-141.

Bates, E., Bretherton, I., Snyder, L., Shore, C., & Volterra, V. (1980). Vocal and gestural symbols at 13 months. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 26(4), 407-423.

Bates, E., Kintsch, W., Fletcher, C., & Giuliani, V. (1980). On the role of pronominalization and ellipsis in texts: Some memory experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 6, 676-691.

Snyder, L., Bates, E., & Bretherton, I. (19981). Content and context in early lexical development. Journal of Child Language, 8, 565-582.

Bretherton, I., Bates, E., McNew, S., Shore, C., Williamson, C., & Beeghly-Smith, M. (1981). Comprehension and production of symbols in infancy: An experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 17(6), 728-737.

Bates, E., McNew, S., MacWhinney, B., Devescovi, A., & Smith, S. (1982). Functional constraints on sentence comprehension: A cross-linguistic study. Cognition, 11, 245-299.

Bretherton, I., McNew, S., Snyder, L., & Bates, E. (1983). Individual differences at 20 months. Journal of Child Language, 10, 293-320.

Bates, E., Hamby, S., & Zurif, E. (1983). The effects of focal brain damage on pragmatic expression. Special Issue on Brain and Language (Doreen Kimura, Ed.), Canadian Journal of Psychology, 37(1), 59-83.

Bates, E. (1984). Bioprograms and the innateness hypothesis: Response to D. Bicker